Space Agencies – Space studies and research on the outer space has always intrigued man. Mankind has a thirst to know what is beyond the earth’s atmosphere. Space exploration alone has provided a significant amount of knowledge that is important for the education of people about deeply understanding our planet and Universe
Space exploration and technologies are incredibly influential and beneficial; not only it does space research but also improve the economy by keeping scientists, engineers, and researchers employed and involved.
Taking into consideration this needs every nation has set up its own space agencies and Space Research Organisations. There are numerous of them but only several are the ones who are of high quality, do extreme research, and are technologically advanced, and are well known around the Globe.
List of Top 7 Space Agencies in the World
NASA – The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA is situated in the United States. The agency is responsible for Science and Technology related to space exploration and aeronautics research. No doubt it deserves to stand in the first position. It was established in October 1958 and has been involved in high profile space programs since then. Currently, NASA is engaged in a number of missions that study climate changes, Freshwater resources, the mystery behind the development of the Sun, and life on other planets, and the list is never-ending.
Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing mission, the Skylab space station, and space shuttle. NASA mostly relies on better understanding Earth through the Earth-observing system, advancing heliophysics, exploring heavenly bodies throughout the Solar system with advanced robotic Spacecrafts.
NASA SPACE AGENCIES OFFICIAL WEBSITE – NASA.GOV
RFSA – Russian Federal Space Agency
RFSA also is known as Roscosmos is one of the ISS or the International Space Station. It is one of the leading agencies actively engaged in the development of space vehicles, launchers, and ground-based infrastructures. The agency was founded prior to NASA in 1922. It performs numerous civilian activities including monitoring Earth and the astronaut program and coordinates with the Defence Ministry of the Russian Federation for military launches.
As the main successor to the Soviet space program, Roscosmos’ legacy includes the World’s first satellite, human spaceflight, and the first space station.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT – RFSA SPACE AGENCIES
ESA – European Space Agency
ESA is one of the best in launching vehicles for space orbits, viz. SPICA, Comet interceptor, EarthCARE, Solar orbiter, sentinel-5, etc. It was established in 1957 initiating with only 10 members states on board which is now 22. ESA works for the launch and operation of unscrewed exploration missions to other planets and the Moon, earth observation, science and telecommunication, designing & launching vehicles, and maintaining a major spaceport.
This agency is also collaborating with NASA to manufacture the Orion Spacecraft service module. ESA is responsible for setting a unified space and related industrial policies recommending space objectives to the member states and integrating national programs like satellite development.
ESA SPACE AGENCIES OFFICIAL WEBSITE – ESA.INT
ISRO – Indian Space Research Organisation
The ISRO became the first Asian Space to reach the orbit of Mars in the very first attempt. Its vision is to “Harness Space Technology for National Development” while pursuing space science research & planetary exploration. ISRO was set up in 1962 urged by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai understanding the need in Space research. ISRO built India’s first satellite Aryabhatta. Rohini became the first satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle.
ISRO has established two major space systems, INSAT for communication, television broadcasting and meteorological services, and IRS for monitoring resources and management. ISRO is heading in developing technology for deep space communication, navigation, mission planning. Towards scientific progression, it relies on the exploration of surfaces of planets, morphology, mineralogy by indigenous scientific instruments.
ISRO SPACE AGENCIES OFFICIAL WEBSITE – ISRO.GOV.IN
CNSA – China National Space Administration
CNSA is currently involved in the deployment of satellites for telecommunications and Earth observations. It has been 50 splendid years since China embarked on the road to develop its space industry, starting in 1956. It has made eye-catching achievements and ranks among the world’s most advanced countries in some important fields of space technology. While supporting all activities that utilize outer space for peaceful purposes, China actively explores and uses outer space and continuously makes new contributions to the development of man’s space programs. Further CNSA is planning for Lunar missions
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT – CNSA SPACE AGENCIES
JAXA – Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency was established in 2003. Its main work is to look at technological development, research work, and launch of satellites into orbits, moon research, asteroid data, and many other space types of research. It is also responsible for observing rainfall and carbon dioxide monitoring. Its further missions are development and operation in Space, Utilizing space through satellites, research on space science, research on Aeronautical technology, etc.
JAXA uses the H-IIA rocket to launch engineering test satellites, weather satellites, etc. for missions like X-ray astronomy. It has experimented in the upper atmosphere using the SS-520, S-520 & S-310 rockets
JAXA SPACE AGENCIES OFFICIAL WEBSITE – GLOBAL.JAXA.JP
SSI – Space Studies Institute in California
Space Studies Institute in California is a nonprofit organization founded in 1977. It has some very important research priorities like research on non-terrestrial materials. The institute’s research on transport-related mechanisms is useful to understand the orbit missions.
SSI has always prided itself on focusing on resources and provide technologies that further cause of Space settlement. SSI has announced two efforts, the G-Lab and the -Lab for understanding the amount of gravitational force and life-support systems for human habitation in Space. As SSI is basically more implied on studying the concepts bothering with Space and Research it has many mission and programs that are planned for approaching future including satellites, transportation requirements, mechanics for building and designing in the sense the agency is working on very crucial components to bring best to the World.
SSI SPACE AGENCIES OFFICIAL WEBSITE – SSI.ORG
ARTICLE BY – ANUSHKA SHARAD