I really get excited whenever I get this opportunity to write on the 90’s leaders. Because of those where the pure patriots of the country, then let it be Indira Gandhi, K.Kamraj, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Yashwant Rao Chavan, Bal Keshav Thackrey, or SHARADCHANDRA JI PAWAR. Sharad Pawar has played a huge role in Maharashtra as well as Indian politics. The 80-year-old youth is still capable to defeat many newcomers and strong political personalities to date. Till today it will not be considered wrong if we say our Sahyadri warrior is strongly standing to support the Himalayas.
The early life of Sharad Pawar :
Sharad Pawar is one of 11 children of Sharadabai and Govindrao Pawar. He was born in Kathewadi a village which is 10 km away from Baramati. Govindrao Pawar was a professor and Sharadabai Pawar a homemaker. It would not be considered wrong if I say Pawar started his political career on the 3rd day of his birth.
Sharadabai was the elected member of the district local board and she has traveled to the office on the 3rd day to join the meeting, it would not be wrong to say that strong women raise strong children. His mother carefully kept an eye on his academics and his likes and dislikes. She made him read various kinds of books, she promptly believes the youth should have the ability to think and this was only possible if they read.
Sharad Pawar basically belongs to a family of farmers sop his duty on weekends was to sell vegetables to the local market from his farm, actually, this was making him interact with people and connecting heart to heart with them.
Later Pawar moved to Pune for his further education at one of the biggest commerce colleges in Pune that is BMCC. Usually, the b.com course is for 3 years but Sharad was successful in completing it in 4 years because not only education but he was very much interested in solving issues of students and electing the college elections. But now when we look at him the great leader in him is not in 2-3 days but a journey of years. The Pawar family was actually belonging to Baramati Farmer’s Cooperative but Sharad believed in the congress ideology. And therefore joined the youth congress. Sharad was developing day by day as a leader but there was one person who had his eyes on Sharad’s development and that was none another then the first chief minister of Maharashtra Shri Yashwantrao Chavan. He was a role model and a great guide to young Sharad. He provided him chances to get agriculture education to him from outside countries to learn politics from there.
The political life of Sharad Pawar :
Sharad Pawar’s first political act was when as a schoolboy, he organized a protest march for Goan Independence in Pravaranagar in 1956. At college, he was active in student politics. Although his older lawyer brother belonged to Peasant and Worker’s Party, young Sharad Pawar preferred the Congress party and joined Youth Congress in 1958.
He rose to become the president of the Poona district youth Congress in 1962. By 1964, he was one of the two secretaries of Maharashtra youth congress and in regular contact with bigwigs of the party.
Early in his career, Sharad Pawar was regarded as a protege of Yashwantrao Chavan, the most influential politician from Maharashtra at that time. At a young age of 27 in 1967, Sharad Pawar was nominated as the candidate for the Baramati constituency of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly over more established members by the undivided Congress Party. He won the election and represented the constituency on and off for decades.
In 1969, when the Congress party split, he opted for the Congress(R) faction of prime minister Indira Gandhi along with his mentor Yashwantrao Chavan. As the MLA of Baramati in the early 1970s, he was instrumental in building percolation tanks during a severe drought in Maharashtra. Like most Congress party politicians from rural western Maharashtra, he was also heavily involved in the politics of the local cooperative sugar mills and other member-run cooperatives societies.
In the early 1970s, the then chief minister Vasantrao Naik had been power for a long time and there was jockeying for succession among different factions of the state Congress party. At that time, looking to the future leadership of the party, Yashwantrao Chavan persuaded Naik to bring Sharad Pawar into his cabinet as a state home affairs minister. Sharad Pawar continued as home affairs minister in the 1975-77 government of Shankarrao Chavan, who succeeded Naik as the chief minister.
In the 1977 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress party, under Indira Gandhi, lost power to the Janata Alliance. Taking responsibility for the loss of a large number of seats in Maharashtra, chief minister Shankarrao Chavan resigned shortly afterward and was replaced by Vasantdada Patil. Later in the year, the Congress party split, with Pawar’s mentor, Yashwantrao Chavan joining one faction, Congress (U), and Indira Gandhi leading her own faction, Congress (I).
Sharad Pawar himself joined Congress (U). In the state assembly elections held early in 1978, the two Congress parties ran separately but then formed an alliance to keep power under Vasantdada Patil and deny it to Janata Party which emerged as the biggest single party after the election, but without a majority. Sharad Pawar served as Minister of Industry and Labour in the Patil government.
In July 1978, Pawar broke away from the Congress (U) party to form a coalition government with the Janata Party. In the process, at the age of 38, he became the youngest Chief Minister of Maharashtra. This Progressive Democratic Front government was dismissed in February 1980, following Indira Gandhi’s return to power.
In the 1980 elections Congress (I) won the majority in the state assembly, and A.R. Antulay took over as chief minister. Pawar took over the Presidency of his Indian National Congress (Socialist) (Congress(S)) party in 1983. For the first time, he won the Lok Sabha election from the Baramati parliamentary constituency in 1984. He also won the state assembly election of March 1985 for Baramati and preferred to return to state politics, and resigned his Lok Sabha seat. Congress (S), won 54 seats out of 288 in the state assembly, and Pawar became the leader of the opposition of the PDF coalition which included the BJP, PWP, and the Janata Party.
His return to Congress (I) in 1987 has been cited as a reason for the rise of the Shiv Sena at that time. Pawar had stated at the time, “the need to save the Congress Culture in Maharashtra”, as his reason for returning to Congress. In June 1988, Prime Minister of India and Congress President Rajiv Gandhi decided to induct then Maharashtra Chief Minister Shankarrao Chavan into his Union Cabinet as Finance Minister and Sharad Pawar was chosen to replace Chavan as chief minister.
Sharad Pawar had the task of checking the rise of the Shiv Sena in state politics, which was a potential challenge to the dominance of Congress in the state. In the 1989 Lok Sabha elections, Congress won 28 seats out of 48 in Maharashtra.
In the state assembly elections of February 1990, the alliance between the Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party posed a stiff challenge to Congress. Congress fell short of an absolute majority in the state assembly, winning 141 seats out of 288. Sharad Pawar has sworn in as chief minister again on 4 March 1990 with the support of 12 independent or unaffiliated members of the legislative assembly (MLAs).
Formation of NCP:
In 1999, after the 12th Lok Sabha was dissolved and elections to the 13th Lok Sabha were called, Pawar, P. A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar demanded that the party needed to propose someone native-born as the prime ministerial candidate and not the Italian-born Sonia Gandhi, who had entered party politics and replaced Kesri as Congress president.
In response, the Congress working committee (CWC) expelled the trio for six years from the party. In response, Pawar and Sangma founded the Nationalist Congress Party in June 1999. despite the falling out, the new party aligned with the Congress party to form a coalition government in Maharashtra after the 1999 state assembly elections to prevent the Shiv Sena-BJP combine from returning to power.
Pawar, however, did not return to state politics, and Vilasrao Deshmukh of Congress was chosen as chief minister, with Chagan Bhujbal representing the NCP as deputy chief minister.
Former Union Agriculture Minister – Sharad Pawar:
After the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, Pawar joined the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as the Minister of Agriculture. He retained his portfolio when the UPA coalition government was reelected in 2009. He faced several crises and controversies during his tenure as an Agriculture minister.
Career Of Sharad Pawar since 2014:
In January 2012, Pawar announced that he would not contest the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, in order to make way for younger leadership. Pawar is at present a member of the Rajya Sabha. He was elected to the body in April 2014 for a six-year term. He lost his ministerial position when the BJP-led NDA defeated the ruling UPA government, in which Pawar was the minister of agriculture, in the general elections of 2014. Pawar’s NCP also lost power in Maharashtra after the 2014 assembly elections.
The BJP had won a plurality of seats in the new assembly and initially formed a minority government with the NCP. The BJP’s estranged ally, the Shiv Sena later joined the BJP-led government, and that government then did not need the support of the NCP. In May 2017, Pawar ruled out being a candidate for the June 2017 Indian presidential election.
In the 2019 elections to the Lok Sabha, Pawar’s NCP and the Congress party had a seat-sharing arrangement. Similarly, despite their differences, the BJP and Shiv Sena once again contested the elections together under the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) banner. The election gave a landslide victory to Narendra Modi’s BJP. Out of the 48 seats in Maharashtra, the Congress party won only one seat in the state, whereas the NCP won five seats from its stronghold of western Maharashtra.
The 2019 Lok Sabha elections were soon followed by by-elections to the Vidhan Sabha in October 2019. Predictions for the state’s ruling BJP–Shiv Sena alliance to win by a large margin led to a steady stream of defections from the NCP to the ruling alliance. Pawar was the star campaigner for the NCP-Congress alliance in the state, addressing as many as 66 public rallies.
His speech in the pouring rain at a rally in Satara was much commented on. His campaigning during the assembly election was credited with helping not only the NCP but also the leaderless Congress party. Against predictions, the actual voting left the ruling alliance with fewer seats than in 2014.
After the election, Pawar thought that his party would remain in opposition to the new assembly. However, differences between the Shiv Sena and the BJP led to a month of political drama, with Pawar and his family playing a pivotal role. The drama ended with the NCP coming back into power on 28 November 2019, as part of a coalition between Shiv Sena, Congress, and the NCP, led by the Shiv Sena chief, Uddhav Thackeray, as the new chief minister of Maharashtra.
In June 2020, Pawar was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha.
- Sports administration.
- Mumbai Cricket Association.
- Maharashtra Wrestling Association.
- Maharashtra Kabbadi Association.
- Maharashtra Kho Kho Association.
- Maharashtra Olympics Association.
- Board of Control for Cricket in India President 2005–2008.
- International Cricket Council Vice President.
- International Cricket Council President.
- Pawar served as the president of Pune International Marathon Trust, which has hosted the Pune International Marathon for the last 22 years.
If any disasters come to Maharashtra the first door which people will knock for help will be the house of Sharad Pawar. He not only played politics for 5 decades but even serve the country sincerely. Every day when there are dozens of trolls on him yet the next morning he stands to serve his country. This 80 years old youth teaches the young generation that age really doesn’t matter what matters are your dedication to your work