Along with 2020, NASA is even more engrossed in gearing up for busy setups in heading future.
After the recent successful launch of the Mars rover and safely bringing astronauts on Earth with a new commercial spacecraft, NASA is looking forward to more explorations beginning firsts in 2021. The agency is planning to send the first woman and next man to the moon in 2024; establishing sustainable exploration by the end of the decade as part of the Artemis program while getting ready for human exploration of Mars.
NASA will continue to be a global leader in scientific discovery, fostering opportunities to turn new knowledge into things that improve life here on Earth. NASA’s future will continue to be a story of human exploration, technology, and science. Here are some impeccable missions coming in the near future that will be carried out by NASA that implies on Earth.
NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar:
Using advanced radar imaging that will provide an out of the ordinary, detailed view of Earth, the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar, or NISAR, the satellite is designed to observe and take measurements of some of the planet’s most complex processes. Those processes include ecosystem disturbances, ice-sheet collapse, and natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, and landslides. Data collected from NISAR will reveal information about the evolution and updates about the state of Earth’s crust. This would help scientists to better understand our planet’s processes and changing climate, and aid future resource and hazard management. The mission is a partnership between NASA and the ISRO.
Surface Water and Ocean Topography
This mission relies on to make the first-ever global survey of Earth’s surface water. SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) The satellite will survey at least 90% of the globe, it will collect detailed measurements of how water bodies on Earth change gradually. The mission helps in studying Earth’s lakes, rivers, tributaries, reservoirs, and oceans. The survey could be conducted twice every 21 days to improve ocean circulation and detect problems in an easier manner. One more use of SWOT is about the weather and climate predictions, and it aids in freshwater management around the world.
Multi-Angle Imager for Aerosols
This is currently under development MAIA will make radiometric and polarimetric measurements needed to characterize the sizes, compositions, and quantities of matter in air pollution. Why is it important? As part of the investigation, scientists will combine obtained measurements with particulars of population, health records to deeply understand the interlude between air pollutants and varied health issues such as adverse birth outcomes, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, malnutrition, and even premature deaths.
Interplanetary Nano-Spacecraft Pathfinder in Relevant Environment
The Interplanetary Nano Spacecraft Pathfinder In Relevant Environment (INSPIRE) project will express the revolutionary capability of deep space by placing a Nano spacecraft in Earth-escape orbit. Prior to any inclusion on larger planetary missions, CubeSats are miniature satellites that have been used exclusively in low Earth orbit for 15 years and are now being used for interplanetary missions as well. CubeSats must demonstrate that they can operate, communicate, and be navigated far from Earth. These are the primary objectives of INSPIRE. The mission will help in carrying out tasks like exploration, discovery, and new frontiers which are associated with science and educational opportunities at the port of Earth’s moon, asteroids, comets, Venus, and even Photo or Europa (moons).
This is designed to measure the height of the ocean which is the key component for understanding how Earth’s climate is changing. It consists of two identical satellites that will be launched with 5 years interval. The mission will help out to assure the continuity of decades-long records of sea-level observations.
The secondary intention of the mission is to measure temperature and humidity in the troposphere in essence the atmospheric layer in which we live. The satellites will also monitor the stratosphere, the layer that is exactly above the troposphere. The instrument will make use of the Global Navigation Satellite System Radio-Occultation sounding technique that analyses changes in signals from global navigation system satellites to track down the atmospheric temperature and humidity to avoid calamities.
Disruption Tolerant Networking(DTN)
The capability to communicate from Earth to any Spacecraft out there is quite a tough challenge. The main disruption is caused due to the huge distances involved. This results in a delay of potential for disruption or data loss because data is transmitted and received across thousands, millions, and billions of miles. Furthermore, advanced communication technologies are essential to intensify deep space exploration for both robotic and human missions originated and associated with Earth. Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) is NASA’s solution to develop reliable internetworking for such missions. DTN will enable a Solar System internet with automated data receiving features so no barrier stays in between no matter how distant connections might be.
Article By – Anushka Sharad.